Grading, Academic Year and Language of Instruction in Romania
Different levels of education
in Romania have different grading scales.
Romanian primary schools use a 4-point grading scale.
| Grade|| Description (In English)|| Description (In Romanian)|
| 9-10|| Very Good|| Foarte Bine (FB)|
| 7-8|| Good|| Bine (B)|
| 5-6|| Sufficient-Pass|| Satisfăcător (S)|
| 4 and less|| Insufficient-Fail|| Nesatisfăcător (I) |
Secondary and Higher Education
In lower-secondary, high schools and higher education institutions, a 10-point grading scale is used. The minimum passing grade is 5. There is no 0.
| Grade||Description||Equivalent ECTS|
| 10|| Excellent||A |
| 9|| Very good||A-minus- |
| 8|| Good|| B|
| 6-7|| Satisfactory|| C|
| 5|| Sufficient||E |
| 1-4 || Unsatisfactory|| F|
Language of Instruction
In Romania, the language of instruction is mainly Romanian. English, German and French are also used. The state takes the responsibility to provide education in minority languages up to the following level:
- In Russian- a considerable part of pre-school education at least to those students whose families requested.
- In Bulgarian, Czech- a considerable part of primary education
- In Croatia- a substantial part of secondary education
- In Serbian, Turkish, Ukrainian and Slovak- secondary education
- In German and Hungarian- higher education
The school year in Romania is split up into 2 semesters:
The first semester commences in mid September and goes on until end of January, from kindergarten to high school.
The second semester starts from mid-February and continues until mid June, including 1-2 weeks break in April.
Summer vacations start from mid-June and ends in September.
Each semester is followed by 3 to 4 weeks of examinations.